Improvements in maize varieties have contributed more than 2,700 million euros to the spanish economy in the last 30 years
These are the main conclusions of a report prepared by the Institut Cerdà. The report, carried out for the National Association of Plant Breeders (ANOVE), includes an exhaustive analysis of on maize cultivation. The report was presented on June 13 in Zaragoza.
Here are a few relevant highlights:
- According to the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), in terms of production, in 2019, maize was the most important cereal globally with an estimated production of 1,148 million tons and more than 197 million hectares cultivated in the world.
- The productivity of maize has increased 85% over the last 30 years and 320% over that last 50 years. In a conservative scenario, plant breeding accounts for 33% of this 30-year increase. This figure increases to 50% in an average European scenario. Furthermore, plant breeding improvements have made it possible to achieve maize production of almost 615,000 tons per year in Spain.
- 62% of the Spanish maize production.is concentrated in three regions: Castilla y León, Galicia and Aragón.
- Since the 1990s, more than 1,000 new varieties of maize have been registered in the European Union as a result of scientific advances and investment in research and development promoted by the plant breeder sector.